Objectives & Context

Call H2020-EE-2014-2-RIA (NFRP-02-2014), Nugenia labelled (T2)
“Tool for the fast and reliable prediction of severe accident progression and anticipation of the source term of a nuclear accident”

 

The objectives are:
- to set-up a severe accident scenarios database

- to qualify a common graduated response methodology that integrates several tools and methods to :
  - evaluate the source term
  - ensure both diagnosis and prognosis of severe accident progression
  - make the connection between the FASTNET tools and others systems that use source term definition for further assessments (the International Radiological Information Exchange (IRIX) format will be used for data exchange between FASTNET tools and these systems used for consequence evaluations)

in order to implement in any emergency Centres the proposed solution for the management of emergency in all the operating nuclear power plant concepts (Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) of Gen II and III; Boiling Water Reactors (BWR) of Gen II; VVER 440 and 1000; CANDU) and a concept of spent fuel pool facilities in Europe

- to propose through the project website an action of communication to the public of the emergency management approaches, measures and resources in Europe

 

The context is:

In Europe:

  •  The CESAM project (7th EC Framework Programme) which started in April 2013 in order to improve the applicability of the ASTEC integral code to Severe Accident Management in all main types of NPPs operating now or in a near future in Europe
  • The NERIS European platform which was established in 2011 in order to discuss research needs to further improve radiological and nuclear emergency management and rehabilitation in Europe
  • The post-Fukushima WENRA Emergency database working group which has to set up a database, DEEPER, of European reactor designs and SAM features to provide background information on NPPs design features within a short timeframe in case of a nuclear accident in Europe
  •  An initiative from the Heads of the European Radiological protection Competent Authorities (HERCA) which is actually developed to put in place mechanisms between Member States to enhance such harmonised approaches

 

Beyond Europe:

  •  IAEA through a support in the implementation of its Action Plan on Nuclear Safety and specifically in the enhancement of the Response and Assistance Network (RANET) capability for providing international assistance
  •  OECD through the FASTRUN project dedicated to fast-running source term evaluation and the BSAF project on the understanding of the Fukushima accidents and the benchmarking among several codes (including ASTEC)
  •  Japanese organisations, such as NRA and JAEA, through a possible collaboration in the framework of the End-users group (EUG) which will strengthen the necessary close link with the Fukushima situations